Target of the hunting shepherd boys
Whose head is too swift for the throwing stick…
Tag: South Africa (Page 2 of 2)
Improvised by the imbongi Nelson Title Mabunu at Umtata, Transkei, December 17 1970, in the course of a long poem in praise of Chief George Matanzima, co-leader of the illegal Transkei Bantustan. Mabuno was Matanzima’s official imbongi. He was a bitter enemy of the Xhosa poet Melikhaya Mbutuma, who was imbongi to the Thembu paramount chief Sabata Dalindyebo. Mbutuma’s six poems attacking Matanzima can be found elsewhere on this site (see part one, part two, part three, part four, part five and part six).
Jeff Opland was one of the first white South Africa academics to take a scholarly interest in Xhosa poetry. However, his research was conducted at the height of the apartheid regime. Even at the court of Matanzima, one of the main African collaborators with apartheid, his motives could be questioned – as in this amusing extract.
What do you want me to say, child of Opland?
What do you want me to say, fair-skinned one?..
The last in a series of six poems from the Xhosa poet, Melikhaya Mbutuma. This was recited in March 1963, one month after the fifth poem (see also parts one, two and three and four for the background).
This final poem blames Matanzima directly for the desperate state of the Xhosa nation. Fulfilling his role as an imbongi, “as a spokesman of the nation”, Mbutuma denounces the illegitimacy of the regime, with its government-sanctioned violence and corruption. But he also criticises the widespread lawlessness and civil disorder, before turning on his own paramount chief Sabata, attacking him for his drunkenness. “I know these truths”, he says, “can be a cause for my arrest and prosecution”.
Despite frequent harassment by Matanzima’s police, Mbutuma survived and in 2002 owned a shop and a taxi service in Engcobo. Sabata, meanwhile, was arrested in 1979 and the following year deposed as chief. He fled to Lusaka, Zambia, where he died in exile in 1986…
In 1962, the South Africa government published a constitution for an ‘independent’ Transkei, with Kaiser Matanzima as Chief Minister. For Mbutuma, a fierce traditionalist, his country is at a crossroads.
This, the first in a series of six poems (see parts two, three, four, five and six for the rest) shows Anti-Apartheid protest at a very local level. They were recorded on the dates given from the Xhosa poet Melikhaya Mbutuma, imbongi (a composer and orator of poems praising a chief) to the Thembu paramount chief Sabata Dalindyebo…
A poem of the Hurutshe people from South Africa. The honey-bird (also called the honeyguide or the hunter’s friend), will lead a hunter to a bee hive so that when he has taken the honey-combs the bird can eat the grubs.
Bird of the thorn apple trees,
Bird with more kind-heartedness than a chief…