African Poems

Oral Poetry from Africa

Tag: Shango

Ode To Sango

Another in our series of Modern Poetry in the Oral Manner, this one about one of the most prominent Orisha, Sango, also known as Shango (see also In Praise of Shango) or Xango in Latin. The following poem not only addresses his encounter with the Owu people, now concentrated in Abeokuta, but also portrays Sango’s personality ranging from his birth, life and wives, to his controversial end.

Jakuta, son of Aganju,
Violent ruler, grandson of Oduduwa…

In Praise of Shango

Shango was the third Alafin (king) of the Oyo kingdom. He was deified after his death and is one of the most popular Orishas across the Caribbean and the Americas. These praises are sung by devotees of Shango and emphasise the daily duty of paying respect to the Orisha.

Yoruba mythology describes Shango as having three wives during his lifetime, Oshun, Oba, and Oya. In this poem, Origeibo is mentioned as his wife, along with a line describing Shango as The man who married without paying a dowry. We have not come across the name Origeibo before and are hoping that perhaps a reader with some knowledge may be able to shed some light on this.

These Oriki (praises) were recorded in Yoruba in the early 1950s by Ulli Beier, the German-Jewish scholar who went on to make distinguished contributions to Nigerian literature. The translation has been modified slightly.

When the elephant wakes in the morning,
he must pay his respects to his new wife…

African Poems